The three themes of the school bond referendum are Growth, Safety and Infrastructure. Research, however, shows that there are other significant benefits to modernizing school facilities.
“The research is conclusive: school facilities have a measurable impact on the achievement of our children…. While factors such as teachers and parental involvement have an indisputable impact on student achievement, well-designed school facilities—the places where our children spend the majority of their waking hours—can significantly bolster whatever human inputs our students receive. On the other hand, poorly designed or maintained buildings threaten to undermine every other effort we may put into our educational system.”
Source: Issue Brief: School Facilities and Student Achievement (Center for Innovative School Facilities, 2011)
“In a set of 20 studies analyzed by 21st Century School Fund, all but one study showed a positive correlation between the achievement of students and the condition of the school facility once student demographic factors were controlled for…. The overwhelming results of these studies show how counterproductive it would be to push for increased student achievement without providing school facilities that integrally support such achievement.”
Source: G. Cheng, S. English, & M. Filardo, Facilities: Fairness & Effects at pp. 3-5 (submission on behalf of
9 organizations to the US Dept. of Educational Excellence & Equity Commission, 2011)
“The research on school building conditions and student outcomes finds a consistent relationship between poor facilities and poor performance: when school facilities are clean, in good repair, and designed to support high academic standards, there will be higher student achievement, independent of student socioeconomic status.”
Source: Growth and Disparity: A Decade of US Public School Construction at p. 3 (Building Educ. Success Together, 2006)
“We find that school construction had substantial positive effects on home prices in affected neighborhoods, and led to increases in the population of families with children attending public schools. These effects coincided with increases in student reading scores….
A survey…suggests that both physical and motivational changes play an important role.”
Source: C. Neilson & S. Zimmerman, The Effect of School Construction on Test Scores
“Our results indicate that…passing a referendum causes immediate, sizable increases in home prices, implying a willingness to pay on the part of marginal homebuyers of $1.50 or more for each $1 of capital spending. These effects do not appear to be driven by changes in the income or racial composition of homeowners, and the impact on test scores appears to explain only a small portion of the total housing price effect.”
Source: S. Cellini, F. Ferreira, & J. Rothstein, The Value of School Facility Investments: Evidence from a Dynamic Regression Discontinuity Design at p. 215 (The Quarterly Journal of Economics 2010)
“A growing body of research suggests the physical condition of public school facilities and the availability of resources, including technology, impact teachers’ job satisfaction.”
Source: D. Stallings, Public School Facilities and Teacher Job Satisfaction (E. Carolina Univ. 2008)
“Research also indicates that poor facilities affect the health and productivity (attendance) of teachers and make retention of teachers difficult (especially for schools with a condition grade of “C” or less)…. Another effect of poor school facilities is the detrimental impact they have on students’ basic health.”
Source: G. Cheng, S. English, & M. Filardo, Facilities: Fairness & Effects, supra at p. 6.